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The Reference Book - Oxford Scholarship Online
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The Reference Book

John Hawthorne and David Manley


This book critically examines some widespread views about the semantic phenomenon of reference and the cognitive phenomenon of singular thought. It begins by denying that either is tied to a special relation of causal or epistemic acquaintance. It goes on to challenge the alleged semantic rift between definite and indefinite descriptions on the one hand, and names and demonstratives on the other—a division that has been motivated in part by appeals to considerations of acquaintance. Drawing on recent work in semantics, a more unified account of all four types of expression is explored, accordi ... More

Keywords: reference, object-dependence, singular term, acquaintance, singular thought, semantics, specific indefinites, definite descriptions, demonstratives, domain restriction

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2012 Print ISBN-13: 9780199693672
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693672.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

John Hawthorne, author
Magdalen College, Oxford

David Manley, author
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

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