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From Normativity to Responsibility$
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Joseph Raz

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199693818

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693818.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 November 2021

Epistemic Modulations

Epistemic Modulations

(p.106) (p.107) 6 Epistemic Modulations
From Normativity to Responsibility

Joseph Raz

Oxford University Press

Explores the ways actual beliefs or knowledge affect what reasons people have, what they ought to do, and when their actions will be justified. It denies that actual beliefs affect what reasons people have or what they ought to do, though they may affect the justification of acting as one did. Epistemic conditions, the availability of evidence, etc., do however affect both what reasons people have, what they ought to do, and the justifiability of their actions.

Keywords:   adequate reasons, second best, insurance, available options, probability of options, instrumental reasons, the normative/explanatory nexus, ought, justification, Frank Jackson, Zimmerman

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