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Modality, Subjectivity, and Semantic ChangeA Cross-Linguistic Perspective$
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Heiko Narrog

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199694372

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694372.001.0001

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Modality and Semantic Change

Modality and Semantic Change

(p.61) 3 Modality and Semantic Change
Modality, Subjectivity, and Semantic Change

Heiko Narrog

Oxford University Press

After clarifying basic terms and concepts in the area of semantic change in section 1, extant hypotheses on semantic change in modality are discussed in section 2. Section 3 presents a personal view of semantic change in modality, which is defined by the following overall tendencies: first, semantic change as category climbing, that is, change from lower to higher categories in semantic and syntactic hierarchical clause structures, and second, increase in speech‐act‐orientation, including speaker‐orientation (subjectivity), hearer‐orientation (intersubjectivity), and discourse‐orientation.

Keywords:   category climbing, semantic change, modality, semantic hierarchical clause structures, syntactic hierarchical clause structures, speaker-orientation, hearer-orientation, discourse-orientation

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