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The First English DetectivesThe Bow Street Runners and the Policing of London, 1750-1840$
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J. M. Beattie

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199695164

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695164.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 06 December 2021

Sir John Fielding and the Making of the Bow Street Runners, 1754–1765

Sir John Fielding and the Making of the Bow Street Runners, 1754–1765

Chapter:
(p.25) 3 Sir John Fielding and the Making of the Bow Street Runners, 1754–1765
Source:
The First English Detectives
Author(s):

J. M. Beattie

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695164.003.0003

Explains how with government financial help Fielding established the first public magistrates’ office in the metropolis. The chapter also examines his organizing his office as a collection point for information about crime and criminals, about receivers and pawnbrokers to enable the men who Henry Fielding had brought together as a group of thief-takers to investigate reported offences quickly. It studies the men who became runners and how much they could have expected to earn from public and private work. It explains why when crime declined in London during the Seven Years war Fielding concentrated on policing misdemeanors, which were widely believed to be gateways to crime for many men. With the return of peace in 1763, Fielding sought government support for his plans for an even more effective prosecuting police.

Keywords:   public office, stipendiaries, runners, detection, patrol, prosecution, vice

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