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The First English DetectivesThe Bow Street Runners and the Policing of London, 1750-1840$
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J. M. Beattie

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199695164

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695164.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 January 2022

Prevention: The Runners in Retreat, 1815–1839

Prevention: The Runners in Retreat, 1815–1839

(p.206) 8 Prevention: The Runners in Retreat, 1815–1839
The First English Detectives

J. M. Beattie

Oxford University Press

This chapter has two subjects. The first is the strong increase in criminal prosecutions after the conclusion of the war in 1815 and the extent to which the runners became involved in its prosecution. Most of the chapter is concerned with the related matter of ideas and plans to reform the police as offences increased both in the metropolis itself and now in the rural parishes on its borders. The outcome was Robert Peel’s Metropolitan Police act of 1829 which represented a fundamental reconstruction of the bases upon which policing had rested. The creation of the New Police had implications for the runners, but it was the removal of the administrative authority of the magistrates at Bow Street and the other Police Offices that brought their disbandment in 1839.

Keywords:   prevention, reform, suburbs, Peel, New Police, magistrates, disbandment

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