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English as a VocationThe 'Scrutiny' Movement$
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Christopher Hilliard

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199695171

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695171.001.0001

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Adult Education and ‘Left-Leavisism’

Adult Education and ‘Left-Leavisism’

(p.142) 5 Adult Education and ‘Left-Leavisism’
English as a Vocation

Christopher Hilliard

Oxford University Press

Working from the huge archive of the Oxford extra-mural network and the previous untapped resource of the Richard Hoggart archive at the University of Sheffield, Chapter 5 examines the heyday of Leavisism in adult education which was the fifteen years after the Second World War. It explores the ways in which practical criticism and the example of Knights's essays and Leavis and Thompson's Culture and Environment shaped adult ‘tutorial classes’. It traces the ways that initiatives in adult teaching informed the landmark books written in the moment of ‘left-Leavisism’: Hoggart's Uses of Literacy (1957) and Williams's Culture and Society, 1780–1950 (1958). The latter was among other things a critique of Leavis's conception of culture; Hoggart's book turned Scrutiny's critical practice against some of its guiding assumptions.

Keywords:   Richard Hoggart, Raymond Williams, adult education, Workers Educational Association, Marxism, working class, mass culture, Shakespeare

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