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English as a VocationThe 'Scrutiny' Movement$
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Christopher Hilliard

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199695171

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695171.001.0001

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Discrimination and the Popular Arts

Discrimination and the Popular Arts

(p.171) 6 Discrimination and the Popular Arts
English as a Vocation

Christopher Hilliard

Oxford University Press

Chapter 6 examines two major efforts to apply the approaches of Scrutiny's cultural criticism to the post-war scene, which now included commercial television and more complex popular art forms aimed at young people. The Penguin volume Discrimination and Popular Culture, which was dominated by Leavis's pupils, grew out of a 1960 teachers’ conference on ‘Popular Culture and Personal Responsibility’. So too did Stuart Hall and Paddy Whannel's The Popular Arts, which adapted Scrutiny ideas and Scrutiny rhetoric to defend certain kinds of film and music as genuinely ‘popular’ and creative, distinguishing them from the rest of ‘mass civilization’. The Popular Arts was consistent with the programme of ‘cultural studies’ that Richard Hoggart outlined for the new centre at the University of Birmingham, but sociology and western Marxism quickly supplanted this ‘left-Leavisite’ version of cultural studies.

Keywords:   Denys Thompson, cultural studies, National Union of Teachers, mass culture, Richard Hoggart, Stuart Hall, Paddy Whannel, Birmingham University, Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies, Penguin Books

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