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The Laws of BeliefRanking Theory and Its Philosophical Applications$
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Wolfgang Spohn

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199697502

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697502.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 October 2021

 Ranks and Probabilities

 Ranks and Probabilities

(p.200) 10 Ranks and Probabilities
The Laws of Belief

Wolfgang Spohn

Oxford University Press

The previous chapters display a close similarity between probability and ranking theory. This calls for in-depth analysis of their relation. Various ways of formally integrating ranks and probabilities are discussed. It is argued that non-standard probabilities are disproportionate, that Popper measures are unsatisfactory (for the same reasons as AGM belief revision theory), and that the best unification is provided by so-called probabilified ranking functions. Still, the preferred attitude is so-called methodological separatism. The substantial convergences and divergences of ranks and probabilities are then discussed under the experiential, the inferential, the behavioral, the truth, the reality, and the objectivity aspect. Since the behavioral aspect is not further dealt with in the book, an appendix presents the so far best account of decision theory in ranking-theoretic terms.

Keywords:   non-standard probability, popper measure, probabilified ranking function, objectivity, decision theory

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