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The Meaning of WhiteRace, Class, and the 'Domiciled Community' in British India 1858-1930$
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Satoshi Mizutani

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199697700

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697700.001.0001

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The ‘Eurasian Question’

The ‘Eurasian Question’

The Domiciled Poor and Urban Social Control

(p.78) 3 The ‘Eurasian Question’
The Meaning of White

Satoshi Mizutani

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the British politics of whiteness over the Eurasian Question, initially discussing two pauperism commissions launched in Calcutta. An analysis of these two commissions is indispensable because they proved to be highly influential in shaping the British approach to the poverty of Eurasians and Domiciled Europeans for at least four decades after the 1890s. The Report of the Pauperism Committee (1892) and the Report of the Calcutta Domiciled Community Enquiry Committee, 1918-19 (1920) (both published in Calcutta) are the most vital historical sources used. In its latter half, Chapter III examines the British involvement with a range of special schemes that essentially sought to remove members of the domiciled community physically from Calcutta slums.

Keywords:   Eurasian Question, pauperism commissions, degeneration, Calcutta, slums, discipline, training, migration

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