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WilberforceFamily and Friends$
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Anne Stott

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199699391

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199699391.001.0001

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(p.151) 10 Children

Anne Stott

Oxford University Press

The chapter contains anecdotes of the children of the Clapham sect. It relates Wilberforce’s move from Clapham to Kensington Gore. It describes the childhood of Marianne Thornton and moves on to a more general account of the education of the Clapham girls. There is a discussion of the educational theories of the period, showing the influence of John Locke’s writings. The chapter points out the conflicts between Evangelical views of original sin and the influence of Enlightenment views of childhood. It is argued that in sending their sons away to school, Evangelical fathers unwittingly undermined their association of virtuous masculinity with domesticity. Thomas Babington Macaulay’s experiences at Maurice Preston’s school are described in some detail. There are analyses of William Wilberforce’s and Zachary Macaulay’s difficult relationships with their eldest sons.

Keywords:   Evangelicals, childhood, Kensington Gore, Marianne Thornton, education, John Locke, original sin, Thomas Babington Macaulay, William Wilberforce, Zachary Macaulay

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