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Bosnia RemadeEthnic Cleansing and its Reversal$
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Gerard Toal and Carl T. Dahlman

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199730360

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730360.001.0001

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Did Ethnic Cleansing Succeed?

Did Ethnic Cleansing Succeed?

(p.293) 10 Did Ethnic Cleansing Succeed?
Bosnia Remade

Gerard Toal (Contributor Webpage)

Carl T. Dahlman (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter reflects on the legacies of the double effort to remake Bosnia-Herzegovina since 1990 and outlines a qualified answer to the question of whether ethnic cleansing succeeded or not. Perhaps the most appropriate answer to whether ethnic cleansing has succeeded in Bosnia is that it is too early to tell. If Bosnia-Herzegovina is allowed to break apart by its neighbors, the European Union, and other major powers, we can say that ethnic cleansing has succeeded. But ethnic homogeneity—a condition often overstated and superficially claimed for states that are more heterogeneous than imagined—is no formula for stability. Certainly in Bosnia-Herzegovina, any independence for Republika Srpska (with the border drawn “on ethnic lines”) is likely to result in a new war. Bosnia-Herzegovina is still in the process of being made, its form an evolving one. While there are certainly grounds for being pessimistic about its future given its current ethnoterritorial arrangement, institutional burdens, and polarized politics, there is also some recognition among most of its divided political class that they are stuck together.

Keywords:   Bosnia-Herzegovina, ethnic cleansing, ethnic homogeneity, political class, ethnoterritory

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