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Urban HealthCombating Disparities with Local Data$
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Steven Whitman, Ami Shah, and Maureen Benjamins

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199731190

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731190.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 07 December 2021

Community-Based Health Interventions:

Community-Based Health Interventions:

Past, Present, and Future

(p.309) 13 Community-Based Health Interventions:
Urban Health

Leah H. Ansell

Oxford University Press

A critical analysis of past community-based interventions is integral to the design of more effective interventions in the future. The chapter begins with a discussion of the definition of community interventions and how the community is conceptualized in the designs of various studies. It then presents a comprehensive analysis of the rationale for community-based interventions. It offers a brief summary of the two pioneer cardiovascular studies of the 1970s that served as the impetus for the three major trials that were carried out in the United States in the 1980s. These latter trials are summarized and explored in greater depth. The chapter concludes by delineating the elements of community campaigns that seem to enhance intervention impact and facilitate sustainability of change. This information is assembled within the context of the current theories regarding community-based participatory research, with the hope that this information will allow interventionists to move community projects forward more effectively.

Keywords:   community-based interventions, community health programmes, public health, participatory research

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