Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Growing GapsEducational Inequality around the World$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Paul Attewell and Katherine S. Newman

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199732180

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732180.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 October 2021

Education and Racial Inequality in Post-Apartheid South Africa

Education and Racial Inequality in Post-Apartheid South Africa

(p.82) 4 Education and Racial Inequality in Post-Apartheid South Africa
Growing Gaps

Malcolm Keswell

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines changes in the causal structure of racial inequality in South Africa. It derives an analytical framework with testable hypotheses concerning equal opportunity. Using this framework and recent nationally representative panel data, it shows that while opportunities have been substantially equalized, as evidenced by an overall decline in the white-black wage differential, a new form of racial inequality has emerged, operating not directly on income, as in the heyday of job reservation, influx control, and school segregation, but indirectly, through inequality in the rewards for effort (as witnessed by sharply divergent patterns in the returns to education between the races). Differences in the returns to education now account for about 40% of the white–black wage differential, whereas a decade ago this effect was virtually zero.

Keywords:   South Africa, racial inequality, educational inequality, human capital, equal opportunity, wage differential

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .