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Stereotype ThreatTheory, Process, and Application$
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Michael Inzlicht and Toni Schmader

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199732449

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732449.001.0001

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Threatening Gender and RaceDifferent Manifestations of Stereotype Threat

Threatening Gender and RaceDifferent Manifestations of Stereotype Threat

10 Threatening Gender and RaceDifferent Manifestations of Stereotype Threat
Stereotype Threat

Christine Logel

Jennifer Peach

Steven J. Spencer

Oxford University Press

We propose that there might be important differences in people’s experience of stereotype threat depending on the group to which they belong, and on the nature of the stereotypes that apply to their group. In this chapter, we describe similarities and differences in the experience of threat that arises from two of the most commonly investigated stereotypes: those about gender and those about race. Although little research has examined women and racial minorities simultaneously, we draw on evidence from separate studies to make divergent predictions about the experience of stereotype threat among women and among non-Asian racial minorities. Proposing a modern version of W.E.B. Du Bois’ “double consciousness,” we suggest that the experience of stereotype threat may differ depending on how motivated group members are to avoid the stereotype, and how vigilant they are for signs that they may be judged in light of a negative stereotype.

Keywords:   stereotype threat, race, gender, double consciousness, motivation, vigilance

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