Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Nicholas P. Money

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199732562

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732562.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 20 January 2021

Triumph of the Fungi

Triumph of the Fungi

(p.50) Chapter 3 Triumph of the Fungi

Nicholas P. Money

Oxford University Press

There are more than 16,000 species of mushrooms. These include species with familiar umbrella-shaped fruit bodies, brackets with gills, spines, and tubes, and others that bear spores on flattened crusts, plus puffballs, earth stars, bird's nest fungi, phallic mushrooms, false truffles, and jelly fungi. Classical taxonomic studies relied upon mushroom shape, spore color, and other visible features of these fungi. This work has been overhauled in light of molecular phylogenetic research, demonstrating that similarities in appearance are a poor reflection of evolutionary relationships. Mushroom colonies determine soil fertility; they rot wood and decompose leaf litter; they clothe and feed the roots of forest trees; they are destructive parasites of plants; they form symbioses with orchids, ants, termites, and other animals, and a few form lichens. In rare cases, mushroom spores take root in an unfortunate person's nose or throat and rot them like a fallen tree.

Keywords:   puffballs, earth stars, bird's nest fungi, phallic mushrooms, molecular phylogenetic, parasites, symbioses, ants, termites, lichens

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .