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International Differences in Well-Being$
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Ed Diener, Daniel Kahneman, and John Helliwell

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199732739

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732739.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 January 2022

The Impact of Time Spent Working and Job Fit on Well-Being Around the World

The Impact of Time Spent Working and Job Fit on Well-Being Around the World

(p.398) 13 The Impact of Time Spent Working and Job Fit on Well-Being Around the World
International Differences in Well-Being

James K. Harter

Raksha Arora

Oxford University Press

Based on Gallup World Poll data collected in seven regions of the world, this chapter studies the relationship between hours worked, perceived job fit, and well-being. Workers who are in more satisfying jobs, where they have the opportunity to do what they do best (job fit), have higher life evaluation and better daily experiences/affect across all regions studied. This finding emerges after controlling for demographics and other subjective life domains. Job fit and hours worked interact such that the addition of hours worked results in increasing declines in positive daily experiences (enjoyment, feeling treated with respect, and choice) for people with low job fit. As daily hours worked increased from 5-10 across workers, daily experiences/affect did not deteriorate as rapidly for those reporting high job fit. Hours worked in a day did not significantly impact negative daily affect/experiences in Africa, Latin America, and South Asia. Job fit explained about 1.5 steps on the ladder of life (life evaluation), across the range of hours worked per week, whereas hours worked per week explained less than one-half step on the ladder of life.

Keywords:   well-being, job fit, work hours, international, job satisfaction

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