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Collected Papers, Volume 2Knowledge, Rationality, and Morality, 1978-2010$
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Stephen Stich

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199733477

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733477.001.0001

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Harm, Affect, and the Moral/Conventional Distinction

Harm, Affect, and the Moral/Conventional Distinction

(p.311) 13 Harm, Affect, and the Moral/Conventional Distinction
Collected Papers, Volume 2

Daniel Kelly

Stephen Stich

Kevin J. Haley

Serena J. Eng

Daniel M. T. Fessler

Oxford University Press

Commonsense intuition seems to recognize a distinction between two quite different sorts of rules governing behavior, namely moral rules and conventional rules. Prototypical examples of moral rules include those prohibiting killing or injuring other people, stealing their property, or breaking promises. Prototypical examples of conventional rules include those prohibiting wearing gender-inappropriate clothing (e.g., men wearing dresses), licking one’s plate at the dinner table, and talking in a classroom when one has not been called on by the teacher. Philosophers approaching this issue from many different perspectives have tried to specify the features that a rule must have if it is to count as moral or conventional, though no consensus has emerged. Starting in the mid-1970s, however, a number of psychologists, following the lead of Elliott Turiel, have offered characterizations of the distinction between moral and conventional rules, and have gone on to argue that the distinction is both psychologically real and psychologically important. This chapter discusses the core features of moral and conventional rules. It then presents an experimental paradigm to make the case that the moral/conventional distinction characterized in this way is both psychologically real and psychologically important. This is followed by a study on whether there are harmful transgressions that do not evoke the signature moral responses.

Keywords:   moral rules, conventional rules, experimental paradigm, moral response

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