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Individual Placement and SupportAn Evidence-Based Approach to Supported Employment$
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Robert E. Drake, Gary R. Bond, and Deborah R. Becker

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199734016

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199734016.001.0001

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Origins of individual placement and support

Origins of individual placement and support

(p.24) 3 Origins of individual placement and support
Individual Placement and Support

Robert E. Drake

Gary R. Bond

Deborah R. Becker

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews the historical roots of the Individual Placement and Support (IPS) model. The core principles of IPS can be traced back from evidence-based practices in other areas of psychiatric rehabilitation and health care. But for nearly every principle for which we can identify a precedent, we can also identify a tradition that held the exact opposite viewpoint. With regard to stepwise models of employment services, this was a deeply held view at the onset of the development of IPS. In particular, the Choose–Get—Keep model of supported employment, which was regarded as the best practice model at the time, strongly encouraged a stepwise approach, asserting that people with serious mental illness needed an extended period of time in vocational preparation before entering a competitive job in order to become work ready and to identify career goals.

Keywords:   IPS, psychiatric rehabilitation, health care, employment services, stepwise models, Choose–Get—Keep model, supported employment

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