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Rediscovering EveAncient Israelite Women in Context$
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Carol Meyers

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199734559

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199734559.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 02 March 2021

Eve's World: The Household

Eve's World: The Household

(p.103) 6 Eve's World: The Household
Rediscovering Eve

Carol Meyers

Oxford University Press

The Israelite household was the immediate and determinative social context for everyone, sustaining and shaping daily existence for its members. As the basic unit of both production and consumption, it was the single most important economic and social unit; it was also an integral part of Israelite political and religious structures. The household is the most salient feature of biblical antiquity for reconstructing and understanding women's lives. Examining it provides a glimpse of their lives that otherwise would be impossible. This chapter begins with a discussion of the material and human components of the Israelite household. Next, it describes the sociopolitical units which formed the people of “Israel”—a term that probably represents a group of loosely aligned chiefdoms in the Iron I period and then the Israelite and Judean monarchies in the Iron II period—and their social and especially economic interconnections which likely had an impact on peasant households. The discussion then turns to the problems of “presentism,” which hinder the reconstruction of the experiences and roles of women in their households.

Keywords:   ancient Israel, Israelite household, Israelite women, peasants, sociopolitical units, presentism

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