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Knowledge in Later Islamic Philosophy – Mulla Ṣadrā on Existence, Intellect, and Intuition - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Knowledge in Later Islamic Philosophy: Mulla Ṣadrā on Existence, Intellect, and Intuition

Ibrahim Kalin


The 17th-century philosopher Ṣadr al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī, known as Mullā Ṣadrā, attempted to reconcile the three major forms of knowledge in Islamic philosophical discourses: revelation (Qurʼān), demonstration (burhan), and gnosis or intuitive knowledge (ʼirfan). In his grand synthesis, which he calls the “Transcendent Wisdom”, Mullā Ṣadrā bases his epistemological considerations on a robust analysis of existence and its modalities. His key claim, that knowledge is a mode of existence, rejects and revises the Kalam definitions of knowledge as relation and as a property of the knower on the one hand ... More

Keywords: Ṣadr al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī, Mullā Ṣadrā, Islamic philosophy, knowledge, Qurʼān, burhan, 'irfan, Transcendent Wisdom, Kalam, Avicennan

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2010 Print ISBN-13: 9780199735242
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735242.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Ibrahim Kalin, author
Prince Alwaleed bin Talal Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding