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Religion in ChinaSurvival and Revival under Communist Rule$
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Fenggang Yang

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199735655

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735655.001.0001

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Chinese Marxist Atheism and Its Policy Implications

Chinese Marxist Atheism and Its Policy Implications

(p.44) (p.45) 3 Chinese Marxist Atheism and Its Policy Implications
Religion in China

Fenggang Yang

Oxford University Press

Chapter Three examines the Chinese Communist understanding of atheism and its implications for the religious policy. The various forms of Chinese Communist atheism include the Leninist militant atheism that supports religious eradication and suppression, modernist enlightenment atheism that supports religious repression and restriction through scientific education, and mild atheism that advocates religious tolerance while debasing the socioeconomic foundation of religion. The militant atheism and enlightenment atheism continue to dominant the thinking about religion among Chinese officials.

Keywords:   Lenin, Bolshevism, Enlightenment, May Fourth Movement, militant atheism, religion is the opium of the people, religion is culture

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