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Religion in ChinaSurvival and Revival under Communist Rule$
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Fenggang Yang

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199735655

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735655.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 September 2021

Regulating Religion under Communism

Regulating Religion under Communism

(p.65) 4 Regulating Religion under Communism
Religion in China

Fenggang Yang

Oxford University Press

Chapter Four traces the historical evolution of the religious policy under Chinese Communist rule. During the 60 years of Communist rule in China, the atheism-based regulation of religion has had four distinct periods: (1) co-option and control: 1949 to 1957; (2) active suppression of religious practices and organizations: 1957 to 1966; (3) eradication of religious beliefs, practices and venues: 1966 to 1979; and (4) limited tolerance and increased regulation: 1979 to 2009. The tenets of the current religious policy was initially designed in the late 1950s and intended for a totalitarian society with a centrally-planned economy. It has become seriously outmoded during the era of market transition since 1979.

Keywords:   world religions, sects, cults, “patriotic associations”, Socialist Transformation, Cultural Revolution, totalitarianism, the United Front Work Department, the Religious Affairs Bureau, the State Administration of Religious Affairs

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