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Religion in ChinaSurvival and Revival under Communist Rule$
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Fenggang Yang

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199735655

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735655.001.0001

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Regulating Religion under Communism

Regulating Religion under Communism

Chapter:
(p.65) 4 Regulating Religion under Communism
Source:
Religion in China
Author(s):

Fenggang Yang

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735655.003.0004

Chapter Four traces the historical evolution of the religious policy under Chinese Communist rule. During the 60 years of Communist rule in China, the atheism-based regulation of religion has had four distinct periods: (1) co-option and control: 1949 to 1957; (2) active suppression of religious practices and organizations: 1957 to 1966; (3) eradication of religious beliefs, practices and venues: 1966 to 1979; and (4) limited tolerance and increased regulation: 1979 to 2009. The tenets of the current religious policy was initially designed in the late 1950s and intended for a totalitarian society with a centrally-planned economy. It has become seriously outmoded during the era of market transition since 1979.

Keywords:   world religions, sects, cults, “patriotic associations”, Socialist Transformation, Cultural Revolution, totalitarianism, the United Front Work Department, the Religious Affairs Bureau, the State Administration of Religious Affairs

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