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Religion in ChinaSurvival and Revival under Communist Rule$
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Fenggang Yang

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199735655

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735655.001.0001

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Oligopoly Dynamics: China and Beyond

Oligopoly Dynamics: China and Beyond

(p.159) 7 Oligopoly Dynamics: China and Beyond
Religion in China

Fenggang Yang

Oxford University Press

Empirical evidence shows that the most common type of religion-state relations in the world today is neither religious pluralism nor religious monopoly, but religious oligopoly, where not a single one but a selected few religions are sanctioned by the state. The concluding Chapter Seven argues that religion in China under Communist rule is only one case of religious oligopoly. What has happened in China may be applicable to or indicative of religious dynamics in other oligopoly societies under heavy regulation. The triple religious markets can be found in most societies, including the former Soviet societies, East Asian countries, Latin America, and Western Europe. Religious pluralism as social arrangements includes legal, civic, and cultural dimensions. While religious pluralization may have become a historical trend, religious oligopoly remains dominant in reality in the world today.

Keywords:   religious monopoly, religious pluralism, religious oligopoly, plurality, pluralization, First Amendment, separation of church and state

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