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Associative Learning and Conditioning TheoryHuman and Non-Human Applications$
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Todd R. Schachtman and Steve S. Reilly

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199735969

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735969.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 03 August 2020

Fear Conditioning and Attention to Threat

Fear Conditioning and Attention to Threat

An Integrative Approach to Understanding the Etiology of Anxiety Disorders

(p.44) Chapter 3 Fear Conditioning and Attention to Threat
Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory

Katherine Oehlberg

Susan Mineka

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews the emerging literatures on conditioning of fear and anxiety and attentional biases for threat. First, it identifies constructs common to both phenomena and suggest reasons for an approach that integrates both processes in the study of human anxiety disorders. The chapter also provides the current literature on individual differences in fear and anxiety conditioning. Next, it provides a current account of research on attentional biases for threat, which has focused on differentiating the components of attention affected by the threat relevance of stimuli and individual differences in anxiety. Finally, the chapter reviews the growing number of studies that have combined conditioning and attention paradigms to investigate the relationships between these two phenomena. The chapter concludes by indicating how these approaches to the study of conditioning and attentional processing in human anxiety might be integrated in the future.

Keywords:   conditioning, attention, anxiety, fear, attentional biases

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