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Ideology, Psychology, and Law$
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Jon Hanson

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199737512

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737512.001.0001

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Seeing Bias: Discrediting and Dismissing Accurate Attributions

Seeing Bias: Discrediting and Dismissing Accurate Attributions

(p.453) Chapter 13 Seeing Bias: Discrediting and Dismissing Accurate Attributions
Ideology, Psychology, and Law

Adam Benforado

Jon Hanson

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores the way in which dispositionism maintains its dominance as an attributional framework despite failing to capture accurately the causes of human behavior. The answer lies in a subordinate dynamic and discourse, naïve cynicism: the basic subconscious mechanism by which dispositionists discredit and dismiss generally more accurate situationist insights and their proponents. Without the operation of naïve cynicism, dispositionism would be far more vulnerable to challenge and change. Naïve cynicism is, thus, critically important to explaining how and why certain legal policies manage to carry the day. As a case study, the chapter considers the naïve cynical backlash against situationist accounts of the causes of prisoner abuses at Abu Ghraib, Guantanamo Bay, and other detentions centers.

Keywords:   naïve cynicism, legal policies, prisoner abuse, backlash, dispositionism, situationism, abu ghraib, attributional framework, ideology, naïve realism, introspection illusion, false consensus effect, bias blind spot, false polarization, hostile media effect

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