Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Heaven in the American Imagination$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Gary Scott Smith

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199738953

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738953.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 01 December 2020

Heaven as Home

Heaven as Home

The Victorians and Heaven, 1830–1870

(p.70) 4 Heaven as Home
Heaven in the American Imagination

Gary Scott Smith

Oxford University Press

In the middle decades of the nineteenth century, Americans’ vision of heaven changed dramatically, from one centered on God to one focused on humans. The subjects of heavenly recognition, the fellowship of the saints with loved ones and the heroes of the Bible and church history, and infant salvation received much more emphasis than in earlier (and later) periods. The picture of heaven as a celestial home, largely modeled on the most cherished features of the Victorian home, became widely accepted. Personal identity, warm communion, and pleasurable interactions of family and friends loomed large in the biblical analyses of Henry Harbaugh and other ministers and the imagined worlds of Elizabeth Stuart Phelps, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Louisa May Alcott, and other novelists. Almost all mid-nineteenth-century Protestants agreed that in order to spend eternity with God, individuals must repent of their sins and accept Jesus as their savior.

Keywords:   heaven, heavenly recognition, salvation, home, family, Henry Harbaugh, Elizabeth Stuart Phelps

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .