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Giving WellThe Ethics of Philanthropy$
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Patricia Illingworth, Thomas Pogge, and Leif Wenar

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199739073

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739073.001.0001

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How International Nongovernmental Organizations Should Act

How International Nongovernmental Organizations Should Act

(p.46) 3 How International Nongovernmental Organizations Should Act
Giving Well

Thomas Pogge

Oxford University Press

This chapter proposes and critically discusses a principle that sets priorities for international nongovernmental organizations (INGOs) in a world where their resources fall short dramatically of the needs they seek to meet. Other things being equal, an INGO should govern its decision making about candidate projects by such rules and procedures as are expected to maximize its long‐run cost‐effectiveness, defined as the expected aggregate moral value of the projects it undertakes divided by the expected aggregate cost of these projects. Here, aggregate moral value, or harm protection, is the sum of the moral values of the harm reductions (and increases) these projects bring about for the individual persons they affect.

Keywords:   cost‐effectiveness, distributive fairness, global poverty, human rights, INGOs, international ethics, philanthropy

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