Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Two RomesRome and Constantinople in Late Antiquity$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Lucy Grig and Gavin Kelly

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199739400

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739400.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 November 2021

From Rome to New Rome, from Empire to Nation-State

From Rome to New Rome, from Empire to Nation-State

Reopening the Question of Byzantium’s Roman Identity

(p.387) 17 From Rome to New Rome, from Empire to Nation-State
Two Romes

Anthony Kaldellis

Oxford University Press

The book’s epilogue is a wide-ranging and revisionist essay on the nature of the Byzantine Empire in the middle period (ca. 700–1200) and the place of Constantinople within it. Scholarly orthodoxy, resting on the foundations of both western anti-Byzantinism and Greek nationalism, has been to emphasize the Christian and Greek elements of Byzantium and to downplay or ignore the Byzantines’ self-identification as Romans: Byzantium has been viewed as a multiethnic empire with universalist ideological claims, and the Byzantines’ identification as Romans has been tied to their Christianity or to their political subjection to the Roman emperor and its capital, the New Rome. The chapter proposes that Byzantium —which its own people called Romanía, the land of the Romans—is better defined as the nation-state of the Roman people, and that the emperor and capital’s identity as Roman stemmed from the people’s. The foundations of this Roman identity ran deep, since the Romanization of the eastern empire in the early centuries AD; indeed, they had been laid down for the most part before Constantinople was even founded. The city was an important but not a constitutive element of Roman identity.

Keywords:   New Rome, Byzantium, Byzantine Empire, Constantinople, identity, Romanía, Christianity, romanization

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .