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Transcending Racial BarriersToward a Mutual Obligations Approach$
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Michael O. Emerson and George Yancey

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199742684

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199742684.001.0001

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(p.3) Chapter 1 Introduction
Transcending Racial Barriers

Michael O. Emerson

George Yancey

Oxford University Press

This book is about the fact that most of the proposed solutions to racial issues in the United States do not work. More importantly, it is about proposing an alternative way to think about addressing such issues, what it calls the mutual-obligations approach. Its one main goal is to work toward a solution to racial division, racial inequality, racial alienation, and the racialized society. To be white in America does come with privileges. Scholars who study what it means to be white describe that privilege in three dimensions: white structural advantage, white normativity, and white transparency. These three dimensions of whiteness work together to sustain white hegemony; that is, whites' position at the top. On the other hand, scholarship shows, repeatedly, that the negative effects of the racialized nature of the United States are experienced most forcefully by African Americans.

Keywords:   United States, African Americans, whites, mutual-obligations approach, racial division, racial inequality, racial alienation, white structural advantage, white normativity, white transparency

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