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Hearing in TimePsychological Aspects of Musical Meter$
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Justin London

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199744374

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744374.001.0001

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Relevant Research on Rhythmic Perception and Production

Relevant Research on Rhythmic Perception and Production

(p.25) 2 Relevant Research on Rhythmic Perception and Production
Hearing in Time

Justin London

Oxford University Press

The “speed limits” for meter are explored, as elucidated by previous research on rhythmic perception, production, and discrimination. This includes studies of subjective rhythmization, melody recognition, rhythmic production, and the psychological present. Metric Entrainment can only occur with periodicities in range from (approximately) 100ms to 5-6 seconds. Within this range, we may grasp a sense of beat (also known as pulse or tactus) in a sub-range of 200-250ms to about 1.5 seconds (240-40 beats/minute), and we prefer to hear beats in the range of 500-700ms (120-86 beats/minute). Thus, very rapid periodicities are almost automatically heard as subdivisions of a slower beat. As the tempo of a melody or rhythm changes, there may be changes in the perception of the perceived beat, as these limits give rise to floor and ceiling effects for rhythmic perception and cognition.

Keywords:   meter, beat, pulse, tactus, tempo, beat subdivisions

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