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Electronic and Computer Music$
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Peter Manning

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199746392

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746392.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 April 2021

Laptop Music and Related Activities

Laptop Music and Related Activities

(p.417) 22 Laptop Music and Related Activities
Electronic and Computer Music

Peter Manning

Oxford University Press

The development of the laptop computer as a portable alternative to the desktop PC proved particularly attractive to computer musicians, who in turn developed ensembles, including laptop orchestras, that explored a variety of performing techniques including machine-assisted composition and improvisation. Building upon pioneering work carried out during the late 1970s by the League of Automatic Composers using early microcomputers, these ensembles, having initially embraced MIDI-based technologies during the 1990s, expanded to include live signal processing during the early 2000s, using software such as Max/MSP. Parallel interests in live performance emerging from the popular music sector led to a productive intersection of practices, embracing practitioners from different musical backgrounds. The significance of these developments provides a fascinating perspective on an important area of computer music that continues to grow in its significance

Keywords:   Chapter keywords: composition, improvisation, laptop music, Max/MSP microcomputer, performing ensembles

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