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Functional HeadsThe Cartography of Syntactic Structures, Volume 7$
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Laura Brugé, Anna Cardinaletti, Giuliana Giusti, Nicola Munaro, and Cecilia Poletto

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199746736

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746736.001.0001

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Diachrony and Cartography: Paths of Grammaticalization and the Clausal Hierarchy 1

Diachrony and Cartography: Paths of Grammaticalization and the Clausal Hierarchy 1

(p.351) Diachrony and Cartography: Paths of Grammaticalization and the Clausal Hierarchy1
Functional Heads

Ian Roberts

Oxford University Press

Grammaticalization can be defined as the process by which new grammatical morphemes are created. As such, it is an important and ubiquitous form of morphosyntactic change. Roberts and Roussou (R&R) propose a formal account of grammaticalization and grammaticalization paths, as these have been identified in the typological/functional literature. This chapter develops these ideas further, and combines them with the proposals for the structure of the clause in Cinque (1999, 2004). It shows that the two approaches are mutually reinforcing, and that they predict a number of paths of grammaticalization that have been independently observed. In turn, this provides further support for Cinque’s proposals. The chapter is organized as follows. Section 1 summarizes in more detail the main elements of R&R’s approach, adding one significant new element. Section 2 briefly summarizes the main conclusions of Cinque and goes on to illustrate a number of well-known examples of grammaticalization, showing how they always feature categorical reanalysis from a lower to a higher position in the hierarchy of functional elements identified by Cinque. Section 3 briefly considers the nature of semantic bleaching and the account of that phenomenon that was offered in R&R and attempts to relate these ideas to the Cinque hierarchy.

Keywords:   grammaticalization, Cinque, Roberts, Roussou, clause

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