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Winds of ChangeThe Environmental Movement and the Global Development of the Wind Energy Industry$
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Ion Bogdan Vasi

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199746927

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746927.001.0001

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Environmental Campaigns and the Adoption and Implementation of Feed-in Tariffs

Environmental Campaigns and the Adoption and Implementation of Feed-in Tariffs

(p.53) 2 Environmental Campaigns and the Adoption and Implementation of Feed-in Tariffs
Winds of Change

Ion Bogdan Vasi

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the way in which environmental groups and activists shape the energy policymaking processes. Based on case studies of countries that adopted early and strong feed‐in tariff (FIT) policies—Germany, Denmark, and Spain—it shows that the environmental movement contributes to both the adoption and implementation of those policies through campaigns against nuclear power, air pollution, and global climate change. The chapter also shows that environmental groups' ability to influence the adoption of pro–renewable energy policies depends on their ability to mobilize large green‐energy advocacy coalitions, to take advantage of favorable political contexts and an unbiased mass media, and to instill positive public opinion. Environmental groups vigorously defended the implementation of feed‐in tariffs whenever they were threatened by the fossil‐fuel, nuclear power, or utility lobbies. Environmental groups fighting for strong policies have been successful, particularly when they could build large pro–renewable energy coalitions with unions, farmers, and civic associations; when they had allies among political elites; and when mass media's coverage of environmental issues was favorable and public opinion was positive.

Keywords:   environmental organizations, antinuclear campaigns, global climate change, wind energy, feed‐in tariff

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