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The Political Psychology of GlobalizationMuslims in the West$
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Catarina Kinnvall and Paul Nesbitt-Larking

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199747542

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199747542.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 June 2021

Immigration and Citizenship Regimes in a Globalizing World

Immigration and Citizenship Regimes in a Globalizing World

(p.21) 2 Immigration and Citizenship Regimes in a Globalizing World
The Political Psychology of Globalization

Catarina Kinnvall

Paul Nesbitt-Larking

Oxford University Press

Chapter 2 is designed to set the large historical and social structural context for the book. It develops the concept of identity strategies in the context of globalization and states that the emergence of Muslim and majority identity strategies unfolds in three acts: first, the process of decolonization and the realities of post-World War II immigration; second, the rise and fall of the Cold War; and, third, the post-Cold War era of postcolonial complexity, in which growing mobility and communication in conjunction with the rediscovery of anchors of ontological security has both accentuated ethnoreligious existence and rendered identity strategies more complex. The chapter establishes how throughout the period from decolonization to deconstruction, the identity opportunities of Muslims in the West have become more globalized and complex. The chapter provides brief profiles of individual countries and distinguishes between three broad citizenship regimes. It further argues that the postwar context constitutes the era in which retreatism emerges as a default identity strategy.

Keywords:   identity strategies, retreatism, postwar developments, immigration, postcolonialism, ontological security, citizenship regimes

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