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Dissemination and Implementation Research in HealthTranslating Science to Practice$
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Ross C. Brownson, Graham A. Colditz, and Enola K. Proctor

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199751877

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751877.001.0001

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Historical Roots of Dissemination and Implementation Science

Historical Roots of Dissemination and Implementation Science

(p.55) 3 Historical Roots of Dissemination and Implementation Science
Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health

James W. Dearing

Kerk F. Kee

Oxford University Press

Dissemination science is the study of how evidence-based practices, programs, and policies can best be communicated to an interorganizational societal sector of potential adopters and implementers to produce uptake and effective use. Implementation science is the study of what happens after adoption occurs, especially in organizational settings. This chapter addresses the following questions: Where does the current emphasis on dissemination and implementation science come from? How are new media altering the diffusion of new practices, programs, and beliefs? Collective knowledge of the diffusion-of-innovations paradigm has given way to a focus on those paradigmatic concepts that can be operationalized in purposive tests of how to best disseminate and implement evidence-based health practices, programs, and policies. This has long been an objective in trying to spread effective innovations for improved global health as well as for domestic health care and public health. New media, in the ways in which they affect the dissemination of information by change agencies, the subsequent diffusion process among targeted adopters, and the resultant critical stage of implementation of evidence-based practices in organizations, are iteratively changing how we work and how targeted adopters respond to change initiatives.

Keywords:   dissemination science, implementation science, new media, diffusion, evidence-based practice, public health

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