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Social Policy and CitizenshipThe Changing Landscape$
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Adalbert Evers and Anne-Marie Guillemard

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199754045

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754045.001.0001

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To What Extent can the European Union Deliver “Social Citizenship” to its Citizens?

To What Extent can the European Union Deliver “Social Citizenship” to its Citizens?

(p.97) 5 To What Extent can the European Union Deliver “Social Citizenship” to its Citizens?
Social Policy and Citizenship

Jean-Claude Barbier

Oxford University Press

T. H. Marshall’s view of citizenship had little to do with what, in 1992, the Maastricht Treaty was to call “EU citizenship.” For all the normative enthusiasm for presumed “postnational” Europe and despite far-reaching Europeanization, access to social protection has, since the Treaty of Rome, remained firmly national. Limited positive integration has been the rule, against a background of a powerful negative integration—that is, the discarding of legal and other obstacles brought about by the systematic introduction of mechanisms aimed at promoting unrestricted competition. The main exception in terms of significant European influence on social and labor rights has been equality between men and women, because of the unexpected spillover effects of the initial provisions in the Treaty of Rome: this could change with a more extensive application of the Charter of Fundamental Rights in the future, but it is unlikely.

Keywords:   social Europe, European citizenship, economic freedoms, social rights

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