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Just Wars, Holy Wars, and JihadsChristian, Jewish, and Muslim Encounters and Exchanges$
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Sohail H. Hashmi

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199755042

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755042.001.0001

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God’s War and His Warriors

God’s War and His Warriors

The First Hundred Years of Syriac Accounts of the Islamic Conquests

(p.69) 3 God’s War and His Warriors
Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads

Michael Philip Penn

Oxford University Press

As the first Christians to encounter Islam, Syriac authors preserve the earliest Christian depictions of Muslims, Islam, and the conquests. Syriac writers also present the unusual circumstance of a group interpreting not their victory, but their defeat as the outcome of a holy war. This chapter examines how Syriac Christian responses to these questions developed over time and across literary genres. It investigates how early Christian communities interpreted and reinterpreted the Islamic conquests and how their writings constructed images, rhetorical strategies, and stereotypes that later Christian writers would further elaborate.

Keywords:   Syriac writers, Syriac Christians, Islamic conquests, holy war

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