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Nation-States and the Global EnvironmentNew Approaches to International Environmental History$
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Erika Marie Bsumek, David Kinkela, and Mark Atwood Lawrence

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199755356

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755356.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 25 October 2020

National Sovereignty, the International Whaling Commission, and the Save the Whales Movement

National Sovereignty, the International Whaling Commission, and the Save the Whales Movement

Chapter:
(p.43) 2 National Sovereignty, the International Whaling Commission, and the Save the Whales Movement
Source:
Nation-States and the Global Environment
Author(s):

Kurk Dorsey

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755356.003.0003

This chapter examines the role of sovereignty and transnational movements in the history of the International Whaling Commission. Environmentalists criticized the commission in the 1970s for protecting the rights of whalers more than whales, without acknowledging the unique circumstances of the postwar era in which it was created, especially the global food shortage and the concerns about protecting national sovereignty. The Save the Whales movement evolved in different ways in different countries, but a common theme emerged: that whales were too special to hunt. That argument eventually mobilized enough people that the IWC reversed course in the 1980s and banned hunting of whales for commercial purposes. The existence of the commission and its survival to become a tool of the environmentalist movement are equally remarkable.

Keywords:   whaling, sovereignty, environmentalism, international whaling commission, commercial moratorium, save the whales

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