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Nation-States and the Global EnvironmentNew Approaches to International Environmental History$
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Erika Marie Bsumek, David Kinkela, and Mark Atwood Lawrence

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199755356

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755356.001.0001

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Global Borders and the Fish That Ignore Them

Global Borders and the Fish That Ignore Them

The Cold War Roots of Overfishing

Chapter:
(p.62) 3 Global Borders and the Fish That Ignore Them
Source:
Nation-States and the Global Environment
Author(s):

Carmel Finley

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755356.003.0004

This chapter looks at the problems of conserving trans-boundary resources by examining the tuna fishery in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean. After 1976, nations increasingly moved to expand their territorial seas, creating Exclusive Economic Zones where activities such as fishing were regulated. The island nations of Micronesia and Polynesia sought to expand their territorial waters in the 1980s, but the United States and Japan resisted, seeking an institutional arrangement that would allow them to continue to be involved in management of the fishery. The delay in creating the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Management Commission allowed other countries to enter the fishery, led to overfishing of tuna stocks, and added to the cost and complexity of management.

Keywords:   overfishing, tuna, migratory species, fishing, conservation, exclusive economic zones, trans-boundary resources

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