Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Luck of the DrawThe Role of Lotteries in Decision Making$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Peter Stone

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199756100

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756100.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 30 November 2020

What Do Lotteries Do?

What Do Lotteries Do?

Chapter:
(p.19) 2 What Do Lotteries Do?
Source:
The Luck of the Draw
Author(s):

Peter Stone

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756100.003.0002

This chapter defines a lottery as a process capable of generating a set of outcomes in which the particular outcome to be expected whenever the process occurs is unpredictable given available information. (This is, according to the argument given here, equivalent to saying that the outcome is random.) One implication of this decision is that whenever a decision is made by lot, the decision cannot be made on the basis of reasons. The chapter then argues that lotteries can occasionally prove desirable in decision-making precisely because they prevent decision-making on the basis of reasons. Sometimes an agent faces indeterminacy, in which the good reasons available to the agent prove indeterminate, and there is the danger that bad reasons may enter into the process. Lotteries prevent this by ensuring that the final decision is made on the basis of no reasons. Lotteries can thereby sanitize decision-making. This is called the lottery principle.

Keywords:   lottery, random selection, unpredictability, decision-making, reason, indeterminacy

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .