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When Sparrows Became Hawks – The Making of the Sikh Warrior Tradition, 1699-1799 - Oxford Scholarship Online
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When Sparrows Became Hawks: The Making of the Sikh Warrior Tradition, 1699-1799

Purnima Dhavan


This study interrogates the dominant historiography about the origins and early history of the Sikh warrior community, the Khalsa. Contrary to the commonly accepted belief that the distinctive rituals, ceremonies, and cultural practices associated with the Khalsa were formed during the lifetime of the Tenth and last Sikh Guru, Gobind Singh, this study reveals how such markers of Khalsa identity evolved slowly over the course of the eighteenth century. By placing the experience of peasant communities at the heart of its historical analysis, this book traces the multiple perspectives and debates ... More

Keywords: Sikh, Khalsa, Guru Gobind Singh, peasant communities, rahitnama, gurbilas martial community

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2011 Print ISBN-13: 9780199756551
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756551.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Purnima Dhavan, author
University of Washington