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The INS on the LineMaking Immigration Law on the US-Mexico Border, 1917-1954$
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S. Deborah Kang

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780199757435

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199757435.001.0001

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Repatriation and Reform

Repatriation and Reform

(p.62) 3 Repatriation and Reform
The INS on the Line

S. Deborah Kang

Oxford University Press

Chapter 3 traces the immigration agency’s internal reform efforts during the Great Depression. In the early years of the economic crisis, the revival of nativism led states, localities, and the federal government to undertake repatriation and deportation drives. Through its participation in these deportation drives, the INS developed a highly aggressive approach to border enforcement. The election of Franklin Delano Roosevelt and his appointment of progressive-minded leaders to the Department of Labor and the INS led the agency to conduct an internal review of its deportation procedures and institute a series of reforms. In this endeavor, southwestern INS officials were active, albeit reluctant, participants. Yet in spite of their ambivalence, their contributions to the reform movement illustrate how local INS officials made and remade the nation’s immigration laws.

Keywords:   repatriation, deportation, voluntary departure, Great Depression, border exception, Fourth Amendment, Border Patrol, warrantless arrests, administrative constitutionalism

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