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Tantric Traditions in Transmission and Translation$
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David B. Gray and Ryan Richard Overbey

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199763689

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199763689.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 10 May 2021

Converting the Ḍ‎ākinī

Converting the Ḍ‎ākinī

Goddess Cults and Tantras of the Yoginīs Between Buddhism and śaivism

(p.37) 2. Converting the Ḍ‎ākinī
Tantric Traditions in Transmission and Translation

Shaman Hatley

Oxford University Press

This chapter studies the evolving figure of the yoginī or ḍ‎ākinī in Indian Tantric Buddhism, tracing its antecedents and shifting representations in relation to non-Buddhist traditions, especially Tantric Śaivism. It is argued that the figure of the yoginī stood at the intersection of Buddhism and Śaivism in early medieval India, for with yoginī cults of the Śaiva vidyāpīṭ‎ha and Buddhist Yoginītantras, parallels in ritual, text, and iconography reached their most remarkable levels. The chapter also examines the case of intertextuality between the Laghuśaṃ‎varatantra and Śaiva Brahmayāmala, adducing evidence in support of Alexis Sanderson’s (2001, 2009) contention that the former appropriates passages from the latter. The author argues, furthermore, that in its rites for the mastery of yakṣ‎iṇ‎īs, the Brahmayāmala may itself drawn upon an earlier Buddhist work, suggesting a history of mutual appropriation that may extend back to early strata of Śaiva and Buddhist tantric literatures.

Keywords:   tantric, Buddhism, Śaivism, ḍākinī, yoginī, yakṣiṇī, Brahmayāmala

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