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HIV Prevention with LatinosTheory, Research, and Practice$
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Kurt C. Organista

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199764303

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764303.001.0001

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Sexual Culture, Structure, and Change

Sexual Culture, Structure, and Change

A Transnational Framework for Studies of Latino/a Migration and HIV

(p.41) 3 Sexual Culture, Structure, and Change
HIV Prevention with Latinos

Héctor Carrillo

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses current depictions in the behavioral science literature of the relationship between Latino/a migrants’ sexual cultures and HIV risk, and analyzes conceptual limitations that may hinder deeper understandings of how these two issues are interrelated. There is a tendency to draw conclusions about cultural differences between migrants and the U.S.-born Latino population that are often unsubstantiated by empirical findings, primarily because behavioral studies typically are not designed to measure cultural factors. The chapter also examines the limitations caused by a propensity to focus exclusively on the migrants’ behaviors in the United States, without inquiring about their lives prior to migration or their continued contact with their home countries. Finally, the chapter analyzes the consequences of a widespread reliance on simple acculturation measures, and on now problematic constructs such as simpatía, familismo, machismo, and marianismo.

Keywords:   cultural factors, simpatía, familismo and marianismo, machismo, acculturation, migrants, sexual culture

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