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Protecting Childhood in the AIDS PandemicFinding Solutions that Work$
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Jody Heymann, Lorraine Sherr, and Rachel Kidman

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199765126

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765126.001.0001

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Choices and Consequences

Choices and Consequences

Should Resources Be Directed Toward AIDS-affected Children or Poor Families? Targeting Choices, Methods, and Evidence

(p.225) 10 Choices and Consequences
Protecting Childhood in the AIDS Pandemic

Michelle Adato

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines whether social assistance programs should be targeted. It asks whether and who to target, and addresses the technical, ethical, and political questions involved in targeting social protection for families and children affected by HIV/AIDS. It explains the types of targeting methods available, with their advantages and drawbacks, and reviews the evidence, arguments, and dilemmas surrounding the decision of whether to target poor families, AIDS-affected families, or orphans. Finally, it considers how to combine these objectives, looking at several case studies of targeted programs, and concluding with recommendations based on the performance of these programs.

Keywords:   HIV/AIDS, families, orphans and vulnerable children, targeting, assistance programs, poverty

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