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The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology$
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C.U.M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger, and William Clower

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199766499

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 January 2022

Experiment and Observation

Experiment and Observation

(p.109) Chapter 7 Experiment and Observation
The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

C. U. M. Smith

Eugenio Frixione

Stanley Finger

William Clower

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses five individuals who questioned nature instead of the books of men. The first sections discuss William Harvey and Jan Swammerdam, who are known for their works on the cardiovascular system and dissection, respectively. This is followed by a discussion on Marcello Malpighi, who researched extensively on brain structure, and Antoni van Leeuwenhoek, who provided the first authentic image of the nervous system. It ends with a section on Niels Stensen, who focused on the muscles. This chapter also briefly discusses microscopy, one of the greatest developments during the 17th century.

Keywords:   William Harvey, Jan Swammerdam, cardiovascular system, dissection, Marcello Malpighi, brain structure, Antoni van Leeuwenhoek, nervous system, Niels Stensen, microscopy

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