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The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology$
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C.U.M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger, and William Clower

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199766499

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 October 2021

From Fishes to Frogs and Nerve Electricity

From Fishes to Frogs and Nerve Electricity

(p.235) Chapter 15 From Fishes to Frogs and Nerve Electricity
The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

C. U. M. Smith

Eugenio Frixione

Stanley Finger

William Clower

Oxford University Press

This chapter takes a look at efforts made in the study of the possibility that humans could create and store electricity, just like certain animals. It first introduces Luigi Galvani, who studied the possibility that like electric fishes, the nerves and muscles of barnyard animals, humans, and frogs work by electricity. It then studies some of the enduring features of the animal spirit paradigm and Alessandro Volta's critique of Galvani's study. It also looks at some of the new findings on electric fish experiments in Italy and the physiological advances in Germany. This chapter ends with a discussion on 20th-century developments on nerve electricity.

Keywords:   nerve electricity, Luigi Galvani, electric fishes, animal spirit paradigm, Alessandro Volta, electric fish experiments, physiological advances

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