- Title Pages
- Chapter 1 <i>Psyche</i> and <i>Soma</i>
- Chapter 2 Alexandria and Hellenistic Psychophysiology
- Chapter 3 Biblical Anima-Spirit
- Chapter 4 The Islamic Ascendancy
- Chapter 5 Animal Spirit in an Age of Faith
- Chapter 6 René Descartes
- Chapter 7 Experiment and Observation
- Chapter 8 Theory and Argument
- Chapter 9 Vibrations and Subtle Fluids
- Chapter 10 Animal Spirit in Action
- Chapter 11 Non-Spiritual Physiology I:
- Chapter 12 Non-Spiritual Physiology II:
- Chapter 13 The Increasingly Electrical World
- Chapter 14 Electric Fishes and the Path to Animal Electricity
- Chapter 15 From Fishes to Frogs and Nerve Electricity
- (p.250) (p.251) Epilogue
- The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology
C. U. M. Smith
- Oxford University Press
This chapter summarizes important points that have been made in this book on the emergence of the animal spirit paradigm, its development, and how it was replaced by the notion of electricity. It reviews the ideas and concepts that led to the evolution of the animal spirit doctrine, and then discusses some notable individuals whose works helped improve current knowledge. This chapter also states that the present study tried to provide examples of how new ideas could emerge and how changes can occur in the life sciences.
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