This chapter deals with secrecy and presents case studies of how secret languages are created, used, and revealed among the Jukun (Nigeria), Lango and Adhola (Uganda), and Fulbe (West Africa), and in the New World. A case study of initiation language in Senegal further illustrates how secret languages are created on the base of linguistic knowledge.
Keywords: secret language, magic, colonialism, power, violence, Jukun, Luo, Nigeria, Uganda, initiation language, noun classes, diaspora, possession, linguistic Ideology, terminology, local linguistic
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