Here, spirit languages are presented that contribute to perfect imitations and mimetic interpretations of foreigners, dominant groups, etc., by their speakers. Mimesis is also an interesting strategy in invented secret language in nineteenth-century colonial Africa and in Baroque sources on African narrative art and music. Here, the mimetic interpretation of the Other enables the speaker to overcome social boundaries and achieve agency, albeit in a different manner than by using secrecy as a means of gaining power. This may also include strong exclusionist tendencies, where the Other, by mimetic interpretation, for example, is characterized as having a socially marginalized, underdog position.
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